We introduce the -11b5 chord and its inversions. We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. This means that the scales are constructed using a repeated pattern of half and whole steps. C. For diminished chords, build the scale from the root ex. The Dominant Diminished Scale consists of eight notes, and therefore belongs to the category of octatonic scales. Ask questions and get instant replies from our team of teachers. So how about that long time one might be in G7 in the tune Caravan that resolves on a C minor and not a C major. This means that we can create some very interesting, repeating patterns. B: B, C#, D, E, F, G, Ab, Bb, B, Intervals: 1, 2, b3, 4, b5, b6, 6, 7 If you made any changes to your settings. If you're looking for some real life examples of the whole tone scale in use, I recommend checking out this video of Thelonious Monk, who often uses it in stride piano-style descending runs. Formula What is the formula for the C diminished scale. Scale typ: Whole/Half Diminished; Formula in degree of C Whole/Half Diminished scale: 1-2-b3-4-b5-b6-6-7; Interval Formula: W h W h W h W h ; Example C Whole/Half Diminished scale: C D D# F F# G# A B Detailed information for the scale C diminished (halftone - wholetone). See … C: C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A, B, C Feed me some notes (eg. B. Intervals: 1P. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). It could remind you of something you’ve heard bef… Another important point which may help you out here…. Hi, Hayden. Sometimes I feel confuse about II V I concept. E Whole/Half Diminished for piano. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. Detailed information for the scale C diminished (wholetone - halftone). Half Diminished Scale in All Keys - The Key to Playin' In Key. On the last ii-v-i progression you played the half whole diminished scale of the ii chord over the entire progression and not just over ii chord. Basic Scale For Half Diminished Chords. The octatonic whole-half scale is also known as the auxiliary diminished scale and is one of the scales that produces the diminished chord. Before print or download please save it first. The H/W Diminished Scale and/or associated chord can be substituted in place of a V7 chord. The half-whole diminished scale is sometimes referred to as the “auxiliary diminished scale” (again, note the inherent contradiction because some people use the same term for the opposite scale!) It must not be confused with the Diminished Whole Tone Scale, see the Dominant Diminished Scale. A useful relationship to understand is that when playing over minor 251s, you can use the HW dim scale built from the 5 chord and play that over both the 2 and 5 chords. C - D - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - A - B. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. Learn about the Whole Half Diminished Scale on Guitar FREE eGuide! Symmetrical Diminished Scale. As a jazz pianist, you need to have a solid understanding of intervals so that you can build extended chords quickly and improvise freely on the piano. But that's not all, this is the ideal scale for diminished chords too (which sound similar to Dom7b9 chords). I can’t think of a simple theoretical relationship as to why the notes of E HW Dim work over A7. C diminished ScaleBelow you can find guitar and piano scale diagrams, notes, intervals, formulas, and chords. The half/whole diminished scale. So on a C7b9 play the C half-whole scale. Half-Whole Diminished Scale (Starts at 4:12) Next up, we've got the half-whole diminished scale (or H/W diminished for short)! Embarrassing ! B half-diminished 7th chord. I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7th and diminished 7th chord in a jazz context. Home > Symmetric Scales > Half-Whole Diminished Scale > D HW dim scale all-piano-scales.com en Français. Half-Whole Diminished Scale (Starts at 4:12) Next up, we've got the half-whole diminished scale (or H/W diminished for short)! 2M - 2m - 2M - 2m - 2M - 1A - 2M - 2m. F#/Gb: F#, G#, A, B, C, D, D#, F, F# Mathematically, there must be a finite number of scales, but scales seem pretty infinite to me. Intervals What intervals are in the C diminished scale. This stands for whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step. If you made any changes to your settings. So on a C diminished chord, play a C whole-half scale aka a D half-whole scale. But… if you analyse the scale degree of the notes played over A7, we have the 11, 5, b13, b7, root, 5, 11 & #9 (in relation to A7). Diminished-whole tone, altered scale. The Solution below shows the D half-diminished 7th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. That is as far as I’m going to discuss diminished chords or the whole-half diminished scale in this article because the focus of this article is on dominant chords and scales rather than diminished. https://www.pianogroove.com/resources/half-whole-diminished-scales-pdf E: E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C#, D#, E Diminished chords also have a symmetrical interval structure so Cdim7, Ebdim7, Gbdim7 and Adim7 all contain the same notes but are simply different inversions. A Search Engine for Musical Scales. ... Again, try sustaining the chord on the piano while you play the exercise through all twelve keys and eventually you will not need the piano backing you up. Theory For Intermediate/Advanced The Diminished Scales The Diminished Scales. This scale is used to solo over diminished seventh chords. Here i… Any other situation is on the face likes II V I but not II V I so that half whole scale cannot be used? A: A, B, C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A This scale specifically corresponds with a 7 (b9) or 13 (b9) dominant chord. It is also a so-called symmetrical scale since the intervals are consistent. Firstly try to memorise the 3 groups of diminished scales. The following 3 groups share the same half-whole diminished scale: If you look closely you will see that the notes in each group make up 4 different diminished chords. Watch The Full 19 Minute Tutorial Sign In or Join Now, UK & Europe: +44 808 196 2012 If you're looking for some real life examples of the whole tone scale in use, I recommend checking out this video of Thelonious Monk, who often uses it in stride piano-style descending runs. Do you feel that this is preferable or just an option? This means that the scales are constructed using a repeated pattern of half and whole steps. When you hear a certain scale, you probably associate it with something. However, it is difficult to remember the appropriate applications for the scale. D#/Eb: D#, F, F#, G#, A, B, C, D, D# Hope this makes sense… have a play around with the things mentioned above and let me know how you get on , In this lesson on the whole half scale you played this scale over the minor flat 5 chords rather than the Locrian one or two. The whole-half diminished scale is useful to make melodies over a diminished chord, not a dominant chord. The whole-tone scale has no leading tone and because all tones are the same distance apart, "no single tone stands out, [and] the scale creates a blurred, indistinct effect". We’ll discuss each briefly. I just threw together some random notes to see what kind of stuff it would make. A whole step from D to E, up one string down 3 half steps, A whole step from G to A, up one string down 3 half steps, A whole step from C to D, up one string down 2 half steps, A whole step from E to F#, up one string down 3 half steps. Ultimate Chord Finder for Guitar and Piano 7. But this post was intended to be about fingering. The diminished scale has a few different names, including the octatonic scale and the half-whole scale, but they’re all the same scale. C#/Db: C#, D#, E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C# This allows you to play the same melody, up or down the piano in 4 different places. How can I judge which part of a score can use half whole scale? The Diminished Scale is a symmetrical scale which has two modes - the Half-Whole and Whole-Half. Minor 3rd. Whole-Half Diminished Scale. The half diminished scale is a seven-note musical scale.It is more commonly known as the Locrian ♮ 2 scale, a name that avoids confusion with the diminished scale and the half-diminished seventh chord (minor seventh, diminished fifth). However, the biggest ‘takeaway’ I took from transcribing the line, was how he resolves into the 1 Chord… the double grace note into the 9th of D-7 which sounds beautiful. Next try to create patterns using different combinations of intervals. G Whole Tone Scale Fingerings. https://www.pianogroove.com/jazz-piano-lessons/half-whole-diminished-scale In this lesson we are going to look at some alternative ways to voice minor 251s with our left hand. I am now studying to play Emily as posted but don’t know how to do. Like its brother, the fully diminished scale, the dominant diminished scale … Ab. “A” diminished scale type “B” diminished scale type “C” diminished scale type. The Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Whole-half Diminished Scale since it is constructed by every second whole and half steps (notice also that it is a symmetrical scale). Major 2nd. Minor 6th. Formula: Whole, Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Half, contact | about | sitemap | policy Remember that the half whole diminished scale is suited to play over altered dominant chords, and can also be used over the II-7b5 chord in a minor 251. Major 7th. The half whole diminished scale is useful for improvising over altered dominant chords as it contains the alterations and extensions b9, 9, #9, #11 & 13. Like its brother, the fully diminished scale, the dominant diminished scale … Chord Search and Index 8. If you use the Locrian, which one do you favor? The diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale. The symmetrical diminished scale, also known as the half-whole or whole-half scale, is easy to learn. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). Unlike most scales which generally contain seven notes, the half/whole diminished scale is an eight note scale. The bottom line, is that, almost always, the Half-Whole scale is the easier one to think about, so when I talk about a Diminished Scale, this is the one I'm referring to. Diminished Scale – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone).I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7 th and diminished 7 th chord in a jazz context .Diminished scale is used above all in Jazz music . This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. Jun 04, 2013 add on question.. to a Cm like in Caravan by: Anonymous . This is because the pattern to build the dominant diminished scale is a complete sequence of half and whole steps. It is used over V7 and diminished chords respectively. But I also wouldn't call this The Diminished Scale - the opposite whole-half diminished scale would be a better use of that title IMO, as that's the variety which will work over a fully diminished 7 chord (as in Co7). In a strict definition of a diminished scale, it always starts with a whole step when ascending the scale. In a previous lesson, we covered the formation of four diminished chords using the octatonic scale . Audible Example What does a C diminished scale sound like? Detailed information for the scale C diminished (wholetone - halftone). In the context of the half-whole diminished scale, you only need to learn one scale for each of these 3 groups (each scale starts on a different note but contains the exact same notes and intervals). The Octatonic scale is ascending in a sequence of a whole step and a half step alternatively. While, the Whole-Half Diminished Scale is used over a diminished chord. The scales and patterns shown in this lesson are based on the half-whole versions of the diminished scales. Even more so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones. Perfect 4th. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. T he diminished scale is a symmetrical scale that is built by alternating whole steps and half steps. Diminished scales are divided into two categories: half-whole diminished scales, and whole-half diminished scales. Thanks, Ed. Piano Fingering How do you play the C diminished scale on the piano? We’re going to take on a bit of a digression now - quite a long digression - well it’s not really a digression, but we’re certainly going to look at some theory before we move on to our next piece of practice. i am a 31 year old novice jazz piano enthusiast. Minor harmony is much more complex than major harmony and so the minor 251 progression takes much more time and patience to master. The major scale formula is W-W-H-W-W-W-H. Home > Symmetric Scales > Whole-Half Diminished Scale. What notes are in the C diminished scale. hello! Half-whole diminished is the name I use for this one. Whole tone, h: half tone) Scale structure: 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 6 7: Chords that fit in this scale: ... on Guitar and Piano. The Solution below shows the B half-diminished 7th chord in root position, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inversions, on the piano, treble clef and bass clef.. G#/Ab: G#, A#, B, Db, D, E, F, G, G# The diminished scale is an 8 note scale. In jazz music however the term Octatonic scale is related to the diminished scale (since the scale is built out of two interlocking diminished seven chords which I'll show you later). The whole-half diminished scale is commonly used in conjunction with diminished harmony (e.g., the E dim7 chord) while the half-whole scale is used in dominant harmony (e.g., with an F ♭9 chord). It is the sixth mode of the ascending form of the melodic minor scale (or jazz scale). Major 6th. Semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 It must not be confused with the Diminished Whole Tone Scale, see the Dominant Diminished Scale. Hi Hayden. The half tone, whole tone formula is consistent throughout the scale, for which reason it is sometimes called the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale. The key is to always have a point of resolution in mind. The diminished scale works well with diminished chords and dominant 7 th ♭9 chords. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). Each scale connotes something different. Practice playing up and down the scale tones sequentially. The term “half-whole scale” refers to the fact that the scale is built by alternating half-steps and whole-steps. We are using the half-whole diminished scale, also known as the dominant diminished scale. Start by playing the Locrian mode up from root. D: D, E, F, G, Ab, Bb, B, C#, D The scales and patterns shown in this lesson are based on the half-whole versions of the diminished scales. This form of the diminished scale is generally referred to as the half-whole diminished scale. The abbreviation "alt" (for "altered") used in chord symbols enhances readability by reducing the number of characters otherwise needed to define the chord and avoids the … Half steps and whole steps are the distance from one key to another. It also means that there are only 3 different diminished scales. Diminished Scale – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone).I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7 th and diminished 7 th chord in a jazz context .Diminished scale is used above all in Jazz music . In a strict definition of a diminished scale, it always starts with a whole step when ascending the scale. US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. The Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Whole-half Diminished Scale since it is constructed by every second whole and half steps (notice also that it is a symmetrical scale). Home > Symmetric Scales > Whole-Half Diminished Scale all-piano-scales.com en Français. The most interesting uses of the Half-Diminished chord as an upper-structure are found over Dominant chords: For C7(9) play Em7(b5) (Half-Diminished upper-structure from the 3rd of the dominant) For C+7(b9) play Bbm7(b5) (Half-Diminished upper-structure from the 7th of the dominant) It turns out its the whole/half diminished scale. This is difficult to remember. Over the years I have tinkered around with Mark Levine's theory books (the best!) C diminished scale. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. Meet one of the most misunderstood chords: the half diminished, also notated as m7b5 (minor seventh flat five). The dominant diminished scale is also known as the half whole dominant scale. Notes, Intervals and relations to other scales in the database. The line you are referring to, I transcribed that line from a Kenny Barron recording. D half-diminished 7th chord. Another thing that sprung to mind when I transcribed the line was that over A7, he is simply playing the notes of D Dorian, which anticipates the resolution to D-. As diminished is a symmetrical scale always having either half or whole step, whatever melody or voicing you play can be also played minor 3rd away. There are scales that I’ll never play and scales that I’ll probably never even hear. Download theory supplements, midi files, chord changes and full note-for-note transcriptions of every lesson. Rank Root Scale Notes Intervals More Info; 1 : A : Half Diminished Scale : A,B,C,D,Eb,F,G : 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 Old Comments for Diminished Scale : Using Whole-Half and Half-Whole Scales. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). Due to the repeating interval pattern of half and whole steps, there are only 3 different half-whole diminished scales to learn for all 12 keys. Notes, Intervals and relations to other scales in the database. Before print or download please save it first. The dominant diminished scale is also known as the half whole dominant scale. From a PRACTICAL learning and improvising standpoint - i was wondering if any working musicians could provide some advice around diminished half whole vs whole half chords in PRACTICE. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. This is then something that I could apply to any 251. The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. Whole tone, h: half tone) Scale structure: 1 b2 b3 b4 b5 5 6 b7: Chords that fit in this scale: ... wholetone) on Guitar and Piano. Diminished scales are divided into two categories: half-whole diminished scales, and whole-half diminished scales. Scale Theory I: the half diminished scales. All Rights Reserved. The altered scale is made by the sequence: Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Whole, Whole. Root Note. Leave us your email below and we will send you a full sample lesson and a PDF download. A#/Bb: A#, C, Db, Eb, E, Gb, G, A, A# The Diminished Scales 06:56. It’s an eight note or octatonic scale that alternates between half-steps and whole-steps. Home > Symmetric Scales > Half-Whole Diminished Scale > D HW dim scale. Dim7 chords are not as commonly used as minor, dominant or major chords, but when they do pop up, they have a … Before print or download please save it first. Aliases: C whole-half diminished. Diminished-whole tone scale ( also called super locrian or altered scale). Thanks. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Each tone has two different diminished scale: George Russell refers to this scale as the “auxiliary diminished blues” scale for its bluesy quality and it’s used with dominant chords, but many people just call it the “half-whole diminished scale.” The half tone, whole tone formula is consistent throughout the scale, for which reason it is sometimes called the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale. Some also refer to this as the double diminished scale because it can be conceptualized as alternating between two diminished arpeggios (C, Eb, F#, A and C#, E, G, Bb). G# Half/Whole Diminished for guitar. The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. Diminished scales – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone). You can for any major scale using this formula. Diminished scales are symmetrical. Examine the scale and the intervals within it below: Basically there are two scales that are used for improvising over and harmonizing altered dominant chords. As an example, try running up or down the chromatic scale over the V chord in a 251, and then resolve into a primary chord tone of the 1 chord. F: F, G, Ab, Bb, B, C#, D, E, F This is why we refer to it as a symmetrical scale, because the repeating interval pattern takes you back to the note that you started on. If you made any changes to your settings. It is the sixth mode of the ascending form of the melodic minor scale (or jazz scale). The Dominant Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Diminished Blues and it shares many notes with the Pentatonic Blues scales. Dominant chords are transitional chords, they are tense and dissonant sounding and so you will find that you have a lot of freedom in terms of the notes you choose to play. A. B Half/Whole Diminished for piano. However, instead of starting the scale with a half step half-whole) start with a whole step (whole-half). Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Seminars, workshops, and live Q&A sessions, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs. Diminished Scales have 8 different notes ( all of the modes have 7 ) and the fingerings for these scales are a bit strange. The half-whole diminished scale is an 8 note symmetrical scale. Copyright © 2012-2020 pianoscales.org. You can see a whole step from A to B, moving up one string and down 3 half steps (3 frets). The alterations b13, #9 are also present to add colour. Join PianoGroove Pro to access all downloads and learning resources. If you start with a half-step, the pattern is hwhwhwhw.This scale is great over a dominant chord, particularly a 13(b9) chord. The scale alternates half and whole steps until the scale starts again. Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. the “auxiliary diminished dominant” or even the “auxiliary diminished blues” (not to be confused with the Mixo-Dorian blues scale for soloing over the blues). G Whole Tone Scale Fingerings. Train your ear to hear the notes in the context of the Locrian scale. 3 of the primary chord tones are present (root, 5th and b7) which gives it a strong harmonic foundation. For example, is Fm7, Bflat(With flat 9 or #9), or flat 5 and #5, then E minor a II V I in playing half whole scale? The half diminished scale is a seven-note musical scale.It is more commonly known as the Locrian ♮ 2 scale, a name that avoids confusion with the diminished scale and the half-diminished seventh chord (minor seventh, diminished fifth). Your Total Points Balance: Click Below To Select Your Course Level ... Powered by Piano Lesson With Warren. B. The so-called "half-whole" diminished is not a "real" scale – it's just a way to quickly teach and visualize the specific diminished scale that gets applied to a dominant 7 b9 natural 13 chord. Whole scale altered scale ) which sound similar to Dom7b9 chords ) category of scales! Chords and dominant 7 th ♭9 chords purposes and should be left unchanged create some very interesting, repeating.... Referred to as the dominant 7th and diminished chords too ( which sound similar Dom7b9! 7 ( b9 ) dominant chord chord tones are present ( root 5th... 7Th and diminished 7th chord in a previous lesson, we covered the formation of four diminished chords (. Ab - a - B preferable or just an option think of a diminished scale is a scale... Half diminished scale diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale and half.... 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And/Or associated chord can be substituted in place of a score can half!