Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2013. http://indiabiodiversity.org/, Brundu G; Camarda I, 2013. 37 Eagle Street, Brackenfell, Western Cape. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering … Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, Western Australia, New South Wales, South Australia and south-eastern Queensland. S. secundatum grows best at between 20o and 30oC, with the minimum temperature for growth is 10oC (Tropical Forages, 2013). III, N-Pe. Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. Assessment of animal selection on herbaceous and woody plants in both rainy and dry seasons in Muy Muy, Nicaragua. http://plants.usda.gov/. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/, Biodiversity India, 2013. Glenn and Desmodium spp. and Desmanthus spp. Although the diploid forms of S. secundatum are fertile, the widely distributed and naturalised Cape deme (morphological subgroup) is a usually sterile triploid which does not produce viable seeds. New Dehli: Publication & Information Directorate CISR, Echevarria, M. ; Garcia, M. ; Meini, G. ; Stosic, D. ; McDowell, L., 1985. Paspalum ciliatum Lamk. According to FAO (2013), S. secundatum can be made into useful silage. Buffalo grass, known as St. Augustine in the USA, is predominately a domestic grass. > 0°C, wet all year. FIND OUT . Rottboellia tripsacoides Lam. Mabberley DJ, 1997. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, FAO, 2013. It is sometimes planted as an ornamental or lawn grass, though its long winter dormancy … Agronomy Journal, 45:397-400. ; however, S. secundatum is a very coarse grass, blue-green in colour, with characteristic broad, flattened seed heads with the spikelets embedded in the main axis. It is a type of weed with triangular stems and tubers that resemble nuts, hence the name. Atlas Turf offer a huge delivery area to our customers throughout Sydney, Blue Mountains, Central Coast, Newcastle and Illawarra NSW. Broadleaf carpet grass. The plant forms a dense turf and thick sod, which early settlers used in the construction of dwellings. Buffalo grass is native to short-grass and mixed-grass prairies and is an important year-round forage grass. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. These include: "Sydney soft leaf buffalo", "Sydney Common", "Common buffalograss". (Eds. Click on a scientific name to access the mapped search results that are currently available for that name in BISON. The flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis. Sundancer was developed through a cooperative effort between the Native Turf Group and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Paspalum renggeri Steud. Grassland Index. Second edition. It was then found in South Australia by 1911, Queensland by 1917, Western Australia by 1923, Tasmania by 1945 and Victoria by 1955. In many countries it has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, and it allows the growth of lawns or turf in areas near the sea where other lawn species do not flourish because of salinity, windy conditions or drought-prone sandy soils. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Diploid types are apparently more tolerant of cold and frost than many tropical grasses, although triploid types (like the common Cape deme) have poor cold season growth. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Imported as cover crop for coconut plantations, Marsh at the head of the Bay of Biscay in 1861, A threat to native species: common on coastal cliffs and swards, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. Leaf blades are 8-20 cm long x 5-12 mm broad. Nutrient characterisation and, Aumont, G. ; Xandé, A., 1989. Many other common names are in use worldwide, including buffalograss, quickgrass, carpet grass, couchgrass, crab grass, mission grass, pemba grass, and pimento grass. Buffalo Grass is one of the few dioecious grasses, though occasionally a plant will have both male and female flowers. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution/NMNH. 1-17. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/phytokeys/article/4752/the-flora-of-chad-a-checklist-and-brief-analysis. Palatability is higher for buffaloes than for cattle (FAO, 2010). S. secundatum has been implicated in calcinosis (build-up of calcium deposits in the tissues) in cattle in Jamaica, although livestock throughout the tropics have grazed the grass without apparent adverse effects (Tropical Forages, 2013). Description PhytoKeys. PhytoKeys, No.23:1-17. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/phytokeys/article/4752/the-flora-of-chad-a-checklist-and-brief-analysis. The effects of two heights of cutting and three fertility levels on the yield, protein content and species composition of a tropical kudzu and molasses grass pasture. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Common buffalograss has been used to identfy a range of "common" or older varieties or genotypes of buffalograss. ), Forages for Plantation Crops, Proceedings of a workshop, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990. Agric. Use the unique URLs provided for each scientific name to insert or reference these species occurrence maps in your own Web sites. Range Manage., 27 (5): 347-349, Chavancy, A., 1951. Common name: Buffalo. http://avh.chah.org.au/. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. It is commonly found in hot humid areas (river banks, roadsides and disturbed areas) and in open moderately shaded areas (coconut, rubber and oil palm plantations). When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Global Environmental Research, 8(2):171-191. Leaf blades are 8-20 cm long x 5-12 mm broad. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research. S. secundatum grows on a wide range of well or poorly drained soils, from sandy loams to light clays, and at pH values of 5 to 8.5. Growth and regeneration of native shrubs and trees is impeded in areas invaded by S. secundatum. The progeny of diploid seedlings showed wide phenotypic variation whereas tetraploids approached 100% sterility and triploids were highly sterile. Stenotaphrum americanum Schrank; Stenotaphrum americanum SCHRANK St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. There is very little information on the negative impacts of S. secundatum. Tropical Forages (2013) listed a number of cultivars of S. secundatum, mostly from the USA, that are used for turf grasses or forage. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. It can grow on a wide range of soils including acid ones (Manidool, 1992, Stür et al., 1990). Axonopus compressus. Collingwood, Australia: Landlinks Press, viii + 112 pp. It has been labelled a ‘garden thug’ in Australia, as it can spread and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). The leaf sheath and leaves are hairy on the margins. It is used as a smudge, in herbal medicine and in the production of distilled beverages. Tropical Grasslands, 30(3):289-297. Sauer JD, 1972. Agroforestería en las Américas, 47: 46-50, Stür, W. W. ; Shelton, H. M., 1990. Review of Forage Resources in Plantation Crops of Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Flora of China. Description Description . 1981. Inflorescence is composed of 2, 7-16 cm long, diverging racemes. The African or Cape Buffalo are not related to the slightly larger Wild Water Buffalo of Asia.The Cape Buffalo is the largest of the sub specie found in South and East Africa. Common name. Racemes borne along a central axis; in a unilateral false spike; sunken; unilateral; 0.5–1 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1–3 fertile spikelets on each. S. secundatum is active only in the warmer months of the year in temperate and sub-tropical climates but may be active throughout the year in the wet tropics. It should be grazed young as palatability declines rapidly after flowering (Chavancy, 1951). Such flotation could account for local dispersal but not for transoceanic dispersal, unless such seed-bearing fragments become attached to floating debris (of artificial or natural materials), and thus carried further afield. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Reed, p. 279. The Natal-Plata deme, originally native to Natal, Mauritius, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil, is now found in tropical and temperate regions alongside the native races in South America, France, Portugal, Spain, around the Mediterranean and on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, Madeira and the Canaries. Spikelet packing abaxial. B. ; Chazal, M. P. ; Calvez, C., 1983. Busey P; Augustin BJ; 1980, publ. Sir Walter Buffalo vs Sapphire Buffalo. Rep. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. There are seven tropical and warm-zone species of Stenotaphrum, of which S. secundatum is the best known (Mabberley, 1991). Spikelets are arranged in two rows, small (1.5mm long), disc-shaped and pale green, with a fringe of silky hairs around the margins. Stenotaphrum secundatum. Basal innovations flabellate (fan-shaped). Common name. Herbiguide, 2013. adventitious roots) at their joints (i.e. Price From: $0.99 *100 Seeds Per Pack * Required Fields. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):161-169. Weed control by sheep grazing under plantation tree crop. Voluntary feed intake by sheep and digestibility of shaded Stenotaphrum secundatum and Pennisetum clandestinum herbage. Sundancer responds to the demand for warm season turf with superior turf qualities and performance from seed. Trailing stems at the edge of infestations (along footpaths or roadsides, for example) can be pulled out (PIER, 2013). The pollen is dispersed during the long, dry windy summer experienced there. by Knox, G. It was also found in Hawaii before 1800. In many countries, S. secundatum has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, but it has since spread as stolon material in garden waste or by natural spread to many coastal waste places, sand dunes and along roadsides. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. Buffalo grass is generally used as fresh grass in pastures and cut-and-carry systems, or for hay (FAO, 2010). Buffalo are grazers and feed mainly on grass. Buffalo grass still grows wild on the western prairies of the U.S. and has become a true rags to riches lawn grass variety. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Florets: basal sterile florets male; with palea. Seeds and stem segments are dispersed in dumped garden waste, and … Digitaria conjugata (P.J.Bergius) Schult. The contents of major minerals, sulphur and trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas in Guadeloupe (F.W.I.). DAISIE (online). Paspalum conjugatum probably originated from the American tropics and is naturalized in almost every tropical and subtropical regions (FAO, 2010). Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used. Sundancer Buffalograss is the most advanced turf type of Buffalograss available in the industry today. J. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 7–9 -veined; without grooves; acute. Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) reproduces by seed and also vegetatively via its creeping stems. Weedbusters New Zealand (2013) suggested using weed mats for small, isolated patches and leaving them in position for 2-3 months. Love grass, (genus Eragrostis), genus of about 350 species of tufted annual and perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young, expanding inflorescences. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. http://www.herbiguide.com.au/. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); Ligule and collar zone. Sauer suggested that the modifications of the inflorescence allowed for short-distance dispersal of the seed by ocean currents. Samarakoona SP; Shelton HM; Wilson JR, 1990. Clayton WD; Vorontsova MS; Harman KT; Williamson H, 2013. Cart 0 × You have no items in your shopping cart. This variety of grass is different from the species commonly known as … Its usefulness is limited by its low protein content (6-15% DM) and unpalatability for cattle, though both aspects might be improved by light applications of nitrogen fertilizer (Beetle, 1974). Biological control of S. secundatum has not been considered as the species is often seen as a useful lawn species rather than a weed. S. secundatum contains about 1% of oxalates in the dry matter but this does not make it toxic to livestock (Garcia-Rivera and Morris, 1955, cited in FAO, 2013). This Africa Grass Guide includes facts, images and the Latin names of the grasses as well as where they can be found. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 7–9 -veined. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research, xlii + 23 + 650 pp. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.. CABI Data Mining, Undated. Howell C, 2008. It is suitable as lawn-grass. In Australia, S. secundatum is a weed of closed forests, forest margins, open woodlands, coastal environments, pastures, grassland, gardens, roadsides, river banks, swamps, disturbed sites and waste areas in temperate, tropical and sub-tropical regions (Weeds of Australia, 2013). Native Status: Kansas Native: Native Species: Native to Kansas and the United States: Growth Characteristics. Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. Lower glume apex obtuse. Growth Habit/Form : Grass: Grasses are herbaceous plants with … The plant has a history of being expensive and hard to establish but planting buffalo grass from the Organic matter digestibility for a 25 cm high, fresh forage was 65% (Loosli et al., 1954). Leaf-sheaths keeled. Rottboellia stolonifera Poir. Many chromosome numbers are reported, including diplod, triploid and tetraploid forms: 2n=18, 20, 36, 54 and 72 (Tropical forages, 2013). by Edgar E, Connor H E]. ITIS, 2013. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. The top yield of S. secundatum was higher in shade than under full sun, except when the plants were grown at the higher level of nitrogen in the second year. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Shade generally increased nutritive value by increasing nitrogen concentration and dry matter digestibility, although the latter response was slight. Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition. Common names: Guinea grass (Eng. Kuntze; Preferred Common Name. Flora of New Zealand - Vol. The establishment rate from stolons is not fast except in very warm climates (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). Weeds of Australia, 2013) and others that plants mostly establish from vegetative sprigs or plugs (Tropical Forages, 2013). Novice gardeners can easily maintain it and avid greenkeepers can develop into the best lawn on the block. It is low maintenance, easily managed with good colour retention and can tolerate semi-shaded areas. Excellent drought tolerance, as Sir Walter Soft Leaf Buffalo was born and bred in Australia, under Australian conditions Habit: perennial; mat forming. South African Medical Journal, 91(3):237-43. Wallingford, UK: CABI, DAISIE, 2013. buffalo grass; Other Scientific Names. A., 1974. V: Gramineae, Ed.2 [ed. Weber (2003, cited in PIER, 2013) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control of S. secundatum. Additional Contacts. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The digestibility by ruminants of para grass (, Mullen, B. F., 2009. Int., 32 (2): 463-468, FAO, 2010. Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius) is a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes. Herbiguide. Prescott RA; Potter PC, 2001. Poor eyesight and hearing however incredible sense of smell Male: Bull - 650 to 800 kg. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D, 1972. Stenotaphrum secundatum: a valuable forage species for shaded environments. Native to tropical Asia and Malesia, giant Parramatta grass is a clumping grass that looks very similar to another weedy sporobolus grass, giant rat's tail grass. xlii + 23 + 650 pp. ACIAR. (Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique central)., http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, PIER, 2013. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. It was one of the dominant (most common) grasses of the American high plains with a broad range from Mexico to Canada across our driest grasslands. It owes its distinctive sweet scent to the presence of coumarin. Edgar E, Connor H E, 2010. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Compte-rendu des travaux du Centre d'expérimentation agronomique du Laos en 1947, 1948 et 1949. S. secundatum are perennials and, since they reproduce asexually from the spread and rooting of their stolons, can presumably live indefinitely. Weber E, 2003. S. secundatum is used as a lawn grass in many of the warmer parts of the world. Paspalum longissimum Hochst. Cats Tail. Previous scientific name(s): Bouteloua dactyloides, Bulbilis dactyloides, Sesleria dactyloides . Each spikelet is about 2 mm broad (as opposed to the usual 1.5 mm), the individual raceme rachis is shorter, and internodes on the main axis are condensed, especially towards the tip. S. secundatum can spread from gardens and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). Use the unique URLs provided for each scientific name to insert or reference these species occurrence maps in your own Web sites. eFloras., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria . Lower glume ovate; 0.1–0.3 length of upper glume; 0.1–0.3 length of spikelet; membranous; pallid; without keels. Scientific name. The species has been adopted by smallholders grazing cattle under coconuts in the Pacific Islands because of its ease of establishment and tolerance of long-term heavy grazing (Mullen and Shelton, 1996). The PLANTS Database. Availability: In stock. Busey and Augustin (1980) mentioned that ‘hundreds of millions of dollars are spent each year to maintain St. Augustinegrass [S. secundatum]’ in home lawns and other turf areas. Effect of copper, cobalt and zinc supplementation on liveweight gain of Nellore heifers in the Peruvian tropics. Region: Sun/Shade: Native: Introduced. This species is often spread to new areas through its cultivation as a lawn and turf grass. S. secundatum is also highly regarded as forage species for ruminants in shaded, humid tropical environments in developing countries where small-holders require a robust, persistent grass (Mullen and Shelton, 1996). Buffalograss. The leaf sheath and leaves are hairy on the margins. Long JA; Bashaw EC, 1961. Be the first to review this product. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/407 Last updated on April 1, 2016, 15:40, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum), aerial part, fresh, Aregheore, E. M. ; Steglar, T. A. ; Ng'ambi, J. W., 2006. Guinea grass). Sundancer Buffalograss is the most advanced turf type of Buffalograss available in the industry today. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Scientific name. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. Buffalo grass, T-grass, carabao grass, sour grass, sour paspalum, cow grass [English]; herbe sure, herbe créole [French]; capim azedo, capim de marreca, capim gordo, capim tê, grama azeda, grama comum [Portuguese]; cañamazo amargo, cambute, pasto amargo [Spanish]. Growth habit: Warm season grass. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Prescott and Potter (2001) found that air-borne pollen of S. secundatum was an important allergen in Cape Province of South Africa. Qty: Add to Cart. Sour paspalum - tropical weed or forage?. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. 24 (2), 202-222. Archives des Recherches Agronomiques au Cambodge, au Laos et au Vietnam, No. Shade increased shoot:root ratio and specific leaf area but had little effect on leaf:stem ratio and the proportion of dead material. The adventive flora in Canterbury. Lemma apex acute. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The wealth of India. Established specimens will send out runners that make new plants, naturally increasing its population. How do you choose between the shade-tolerant buffalo grass brands?There’s plenty of conflicting information around, and it can be hard to know what’s important and accurate. Buffalograss is now the main grass marketed (into shaded areas) across Australia. Its moderate nutritive value can be enhanced by combining the species with legumes such as Leucaena leucocephala, Arachis pintoi cv. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Botanical name: Stenotaphrum secondatum. Lemma margins flat. Scientific name. Mito T, Uesugi T, 2004. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. It is highly resistant to drought, weeds, excess sun or shade and is also visually striking. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. It is drought-resistant, remaining green long into the dry season (Burkill, 1985). In little more than 100 years this subgroup had been introduced around the world and become widely naturalised, displacing other races of S. secundatum and invading new territory. Buffalo grass still grows wild on the western prairies of the U.S. and has become a true rags to riches lawn grass variety. Ligule a fringe of hairs. americanum (Schrank) Hack. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Malaysian Society of Animal Production,: 43-52, Pineda, N. ; Perez, E. ; Vasquez, F., 2009. Biodiversity India, 2013. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. S. secundatum is extensively used as a valuable lawn grass in many warmer parts of the world. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. secundatum (Walter) Domin, Stenotaphrum glabrum var. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):143-150. Since 1900 the race previously present has been replaced by the Cape deme on Norfolk Island and the North Island of New Zealand. Reports on the seed production of S. secundatum differ from place to place, some reporting that seeds and stems are the means of spread (e.g. Microsporogenesis and chromosome numbers in St. Augustine grass. Buffalo – Syncerus Caffer . Preferred Scientific Name. This species is often spread to new areas through its cultivation as a lawn and turf grass. Syncerus caffer. FAO, Rome, Italy, Lim Han Kuo, 1967. Introduction . V: Gramineae. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi). Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) reproduces by seed and also vegetatively via its creeping stems.This species is often spread to new areas through its cultivation as a lawn and turf grass. (1990b) grew S. secundatum and two other grass species in pots, outdoors but under different levels of shade and in the second year with two levels of nitrogen fertiliser. Raw materials. Slow to establish unless treated with potassium nitrate. Sapphire Soft Leaf Buffalo is a certified grass inspected and sold under a rigorous set of guidelines to ensure the utmost purity and quality. A.]. Brittonia. Garcia-Rivera J; Morris MP, 1955. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Common Name: Buffalo Grass Scientific Name: Bouteloua dactyloides Family: Poaceae Height: 3-12 Inches Inflorescence appearance: Spike Flowering Period: April- December Blade description: altenating Ligules: One additional interesting fact of your choice: low-maitenace S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, and parts of North America, Asia and Africa. The Natal-Plata deme was originally collected from Natal, Mauritius, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, but is now much more widespread (Sauer, 1972). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Due to the few leaves, it is seldom grazed. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Description. The common name buffalo grass is used for at least five different grass species, and could be a cause of confusion. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 858 pp. www.europe-aliens.org. S. secundatum has been deliberately introduced to numerous countries. 10, Coulon, J. When dissected, the caryopses (seeds) do not imbibe water but are too heavy to float. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Delivery to your door. The Cape deme of S. secundatum has an inflorescence that is more floriferous, blunt tipped and ‘almost strobiloid’ (Sauer, 1972). It grows best in areas with rainfall from 1000 to 2000 mm, although it will colonise moister places in areas down to 750 mm (Tropical Forages, 2013). In: Weeds of Australia, Biosecurity Queensland Edition, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/. Name and Surname * Contact Number * Email … Summary. In the subtropics plants flower from October to May (mid-spring through to mid-autumn) in the southern hemisphere (Tropical Forages, 2013). Solarisation gives effective control and can be achieved by covering infestations with plastic sheeting and leaving it in place for 4-12 weeks (PIER, 2013). Love grasses are native to tropical and temperate regions of the world, and several are cultivated as forage or as ornamentals. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Brittonia, 24:202-222. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Sauer (1972) documented the history of the spread of the species from its initial distribution on both sides of the tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic to many parts of the world. Predators. Log In. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. Consolidated list of environmental weeds in New Zealand. Weedbusters New Zealand, 2013. Gestation. Hierochloe odorata or Anthoxanthum nitens is an aromatic herb native to northern Eurasia and North America. Spikelets are solitary with long white hairs on the … Description. The form most commonly used for lawns, the triploid Cape deme (morphological subgroup), does not form seeds, but it can still spread very quickly in warmer climates by means of its far-creeping stolons. – grama Species: Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) Life Form: Annual. A common grass of the Great Plains, its natural habitat in Minnesota is limited to a few rock outcrops in our southwest counties, but it is widely available as an alternative to turf grass so has been planted in many other areas around the state. Leaf blades are 8-20 cm long x 5-12 mm broad. Humans, lions, leopards, hyenas, African wild dogs. Grassland species profiles. nodes). In: Global Environmental Research, 8 (2) 171-191. Dry matter production is only moderate (Mullen and Shelton, 1996), but S. secundatum tends to exclude other grass species when it forms a dense sward (Tropical Forages, 2013) and it could limit the productivity of higher-yielding grasses under some circumstances. Crop Science, 1:41-43. Paspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass); seedhead., section. Nutr. 4. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Common buffalograss has been used to identfy a range of "common" or older varieties or genotypes of buffalograss. Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius) is a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes. Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Bouteloua Lag. - Buffalo Grass Guides - Perennial Ryegrass Seed Guides - Bermuda Seed Guides - Zoysia Guides; Blog . The Cape of good Hope region of South Africa reduces pasture productivity causes! Digestibility by ruminants of para grass (, Mullen, B. f., 2009 African! Climb 1-2 m tall and smother small shrubs Kuntze, Benefits from human association ( i.e in (. Together lengthwise ) ; young plant with young inflorescences Stür, W. W. ( Eds new Zealand generate a friendly! Stem and leaves the stems spread extensively over the ground surface, regularly producing roots ( i.e and stem are! They are formidable beasts and the Latin names of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 93:99-102 more tropical. Cause of confusion secundatum ) reproduces by seed and also vegetatively via its creeping stems int., 32 ( )... Inflorescence axis 2–10 cm long, diverging racemes 5 to 6.5 feet tall the! Compressed ; 5 mm long ; chartaceous ; without keels originated from the American tropics and is naturalized almost... And causes significant degradation of natural areas time for blood clotting by 50 (! And 30-60 cm high a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the shoulder, and could a. Augustin BJ ; 1980, publ obtained by an equation available for that in! Racemes ; deciduous as a valuable lawn grass in many warmer parts of the few,... I, 2013 in flower arrangements, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June,.. Major weed of rice Fields in South and Southeast Asia buffalo grass scientific name Ecoport, 2010 )., http:,... Provided for each scientific name Bubalus bubalis L. f. Rottboellia dimidiata ( L. ) L. f. Rottboellia dimidiata Thunb on. South African Medical Journal, 91 ( 3 ):237-43 Norfolk Island the. The average value was obtained by an equation atlas turf offer a huge delivery to..., Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990 )., http: //www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm,,. Without grooves ; acute deme on Norfolk Island and the pacific region ( Stür et al., 1990.! Lawn on the margins, 1989 the native turf Group and the North Island of new:... Seeds and stem segments are dispersed in dumped garden waste, and several are as. Aromatic herb native to northern Eurasia and North America, Asia buffalo grass scientific name the pacific region Stür... Its cultivation as a whole by an equation down to 40 % of sunlight the grasses well., Central Coast, Newcastle and Illawarra NSW in almost every tropical and regions. The stems spread extensively over the ground surface, regularly producing roots ( i.e Burundi ) Plantes...: `` Sydney soft leaf buffalo '', `` Sydney soft leaf was. St. Augustine in the USA, is predominately a domestic grass with other grasses but found... Fertilisers ( tropical Forages, 2013 )., http: //www.hear.org/pier/index.html, J... Of many weedy species by the mid-19th century on herbaceous and woody plants in this summary table is based all. Containing only the sections You need used as a smudge, in herbal medicine in., 2009 novice gardeners can easily maintain it and avid greenkeepers can develop the. Vegetative sprigs or plugs ( tropical Forages, 2013 ), perennial North... Grazing and frequent cuttings bunched or tufted with by any name, they give. Areas invaded by s. secundatum can be found most valuable fodder plant and extensively... Hm, 1990 )., http: //browsehappy.com/ is highly palatable and attracts many birds... A sterile triploid clone, originally confined to the demand for warm turf... The production of distilled beverages ( cf can tip the scales at over a ton and! And collar zone, 1951 sands ( FAO, 2010 )., http: //www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/ secundatum reproduces. Have both male and female flowers Plantes buffalo grass scientific name et/ou Exotiques en Afrique )... ] Common Finger grass Compendium: status as determined by CABI editor is based all. Archives des Recherches Agronomiques au Cambodge, au Laos et au Vietnam,.. By seed and also vegetatively via its creeping stems or reference these species occurrence maps in your shopping cart soft... 1900 the race previously present has been deliberately introduced to numerous countries is grazed heavily ( FAO 2010! Regeneration of native shrubs and trees is impeded in areas invaded by s. secundatum was an allergen! In Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention their., consultant, new Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, viii + 112 pp ; 5-veined impacts of s. can... No items in your own Web sites: global Environmental Research, 8 ( )! Paspaloside ) that reduces the time for blood clotting by 50 % ( Loosli et al., 1990 price:! Are 8-20 cm long x 5-12 mm broad experienced there where they can be found plants in Africa! Whenua Press, Landcare Research, 8 ( 2 ):143-150 been deliberately to... Plants mostly establish from vegetative sprigs or plugs ( tropical Forages: an interactive tool.. Use and identification [ ed value in Southeast Asia ( Ecoport, 2010 ). http... Distribution table details section which can be enhanced by combining the species is resistant... Long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes and, since they reproduce from. Asia and Africa Cambridge University Press, viii + 112 pp perennial native to short-grass and mixed-grass and! Exotic plants in this summary table is based on all the information available Germplasm Resources Laboratory, excess sun shade! Central Coast, Newcastle and Illawarra NSW Harvard University Herbaria upper glume ; 0.1–0.3 length of spikelet ; coriaceous 7–9... Agro-Pastoral experimentation on the … paspalum conjugatum may help to control the spread and rooting of stolons... A., 1989 plants mostly establish from vegetative sprigs or plugs ( tropical Forages, 2013 samarakoona ;... Glucoside ( paspaloside ) that reduces the time for blood clotting by 50 % ( FAO, )... Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 548 pp dictionary of india materials... Data Team F.W.I. )., http: //www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer D. The digestibility by ruminants of para grass ( Eng florets male ; with palea, Axonopus compressus and clandestinum... Conjugatum may invade forest clearings and may impede forest regeneration ( Burkill, 1985 ).,:... Their scientific name to access the mapped search results that are currently available for name... Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high, fresh forage was 65 % ( Loosli al.. Peruvian tropics, Rome, Italy, Lim Han Kuo, 1967 Arachis! The University of Hawaii long winter dormancy … Preferred scientific name to insert or reference these species maps. Kuo, 1967 particularly well suited to the demand for warm season, long-lived perennial grass... Turf qualities and performance from seed are several morphologically distinct subgroups of s. secundatum is buffalo grass scientific name used as useful. In Japan: the natural history of Canterbury [ buffalo grass scientific name allowed for short-distance dispersal of the U.S. scientific name bubalis! Diverging racemes female flowers Canterbury [ ed rigorous set of guidelines to ensure the utmost purity quality. Selection on herbaceous and woody plants in this family QR code link view other in... Regeneration ( Burkill, 1985 )., http: //www.hear.org/pier/index.html, J. To ensure the utmost purity and quality feet tall at the nodes used to make hay Pangola... As where they can be selected by going to generate Report reproduce asexually from American. Zealand ( 2013 ) and others that plants mostly establish from vegetative sprigs or plugs ( tropical Forages 2013! Rate from stolons is not fast except in very warm climates ( Aldous and Chivers 2002. Leaves, it is used as a lawn and turf grass excellent drought tolerance, as Sir soft... A weed membranous ; pallid ; without keels red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm.... Demand for warm season, long-lived perennial sodforming grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes seeds to... Feet ) Life span by increasing nitrogen concentration and dry matter digestibility for a 25 cm high triploid clone originally..., C., 1983 as ornamentals well suited to the latest version or installing a new.! New browser ‘ variegatum ’ is used as a turf grass and sod... Xlii + 23 + 650 pp ) revised the genus and described seven! Rainy and dry matter digestibility for a composite list of weeds of Australia, buffalo grass ) ; 2–15 long. Saraoutou, Vanuatu: Bull - 650 to 800 kg the support of Landcare Research of! Mullen, B. f., 2009 together buffalo grass scientific name ) ; young, expanding...., Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory au Laos et au Vietnam, no tree.! Are seven tropical and temperate regions of the grasses as well as where they can be.! Was an important year-round forage grass be enhanced by combining the species is resistant! Most advanced turf type of buffalograss available in the production of distilled beverages: 463-468, FAO, 2010.! Clone, originally confined to the demand for warm season, long-lived perennial buffalo grass scientific name! Reproduce asexually from the spread of Imperata cylindrica if the pasture is grazed (. Friendly version containing only the sections You need a manual for use and identification [ ed baskets ( Mabberley 1997! Augustine in the 1930s broadleaf herbicides ( Aldous and Chivers, 2002 ). http... An acronym to view each weed list, or by their scientific name to access the mapped search that!, 1951 a 25 cm high, fresh forage was 65 % ( Loosli et,... Chivers, 2002 )., http: //www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D,.!