He said to me that when he needed to learn all the various modes and so on that there are then, you know, he’d go through them if he was in the bath or on a train journey, or something. Well we’re going to have a look at our first scale - the half diminished scale. The other four starting notes will give you a whole-half diminished scale … So that, strangely enough, when we talked about the name of that scale where we naturalised D is known as Locrian sharp 2, because you sharpen, or you naturalise the second note. Fully diminished is a m3, b5, and diminished 7, for example C Eb Gb Bbb. I tend to use it from D upwards - E, F, G particularly. The good news is this is no new scale … because it’s a mode. We’ll discuss each briefly. What you’ll find in it is it’s a minor tune and it uses II-V-I, but when it uses II there’s what’s called an altered chord - the fifth is flattened and on the V the ninth is flattened. In fact, when you talk about modes you’re not going to get anything new from the melodic minor descending because it’s just E flat major. That’s our basic chord. Theory: The F#m7b5 is an F sharp minor seventh with a lowered fifth. Let’s work in the key of C. We know that in the key of C we have the root, the minor third, the fifth and the minor seventh. In terms of our rooted chord we don’t have to do anything to it because there is no second or ninth in it. So it’s D flat major scale - do re mi fa so la ti do scale - rooted on C. So the scale is easy. Well now we have to be a little bit more careful because we are going to flatten the ninth - or the second if you like. It starts of with (the second), the minor third, then the fourth, then the fifth and now there. That is the chord that goes with our mode of D flat major … Similarly the third inversion - we flatten the fifth, we flatten the ninth (or the second if you wish) and then we get that. It is a diatonic chord based on the 7th scale degree of the major scale (B half-dim: B D F A). A diminished seventh chord is a diminished triad (which has a root, a minor third, and a diminished fifth) with a diminished seventh interval added above the root. In music theory, the half-diminished seventh chord (also known as a half-diminished chord or a minor seventh flat five chord) is a seventh chord composed of a root note, together with a minor third, a diminished fifth, and a minor seventh (1, ♭ 3, ♭ 5, ♭ 7). What about the chords? This is because the pattern to build the dominant diminished scale is a complete sequence of half and whole steps. So if you can’t get your head round all this theory then your ear can come to the rescue. If we flatten both of them - that’s known as the melodic minor descending because when we learn our scales we go … up and … down for the melodic minor - the melodic minor descending. We are using the half-whole diminished scale, also known as the dominant diminished scale. If we naturalise the fifth and flatten the seventh then we get our friend the Dorian scale. The scales and patterns shown in this lesson are based on the half-whole versions of the diminished scales. I’m going to give it to you now in the hope that it will help you to sort out what are the good notes and what are the bad notes when you are playing a particular chord. Having said that, there is one exception that I make use of a lot, anyway, and that’s when it comes to the half diminished chord. As stacked intervals that is a m3 from the 1 to the 3, a m3 from the 3 to the 5, and a maj3 from the 5 to the 7. Well we’re going to have a look at our first scale - the half diminished scale. Sign up to our newsletter and we'll send fresh new courses and special offers direct to your inbox, once a week. If you made any changes to your settings. We don’t play that for C minor7 and we don’t play that for C major7 - a chord in root position. The half-whole diminished scale is an 8 note symmetrical scale. Well there’s three possibilities: that note, that note, that note. There we have it. We’ve been looking at hot licks on a minor scale and I want to play my favourite tune on a minor scale, the standard “Autumn Leaves”. Now C minor7 flat 5 will also imply C minor7 flat 5 flat 9. The final discriminator about, you know, what works and what doesn’t is my ear. Gareth is known in some quarters as the “professor” because he’s so good on the theory of the music. are 2 possibilities for the sixth and the seventh level: they can either be naturalised or flattened. It’s known as the “Locrian sharp 2”. So if you see a chord symbol such as G13 (b9), it matches the diminished scale perfectly. We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas. So they’re in it. So we put in the fourth - that’s OK. What about between the G flat and the B flat? Diminished scale beginning with half step 2. I do use a rooted voicing - it’s exceptional - but I do use it and I do like the sound of this voicing in the middle of the piano. This means that we can create some very interesting, repeating patterns. We’re talking about this being the flattened ninth. I just got there by doing it really. What Are Stacked, Rolled, or Broken Music Chords. We could include the flattened ninth but it doesn’t sound very good because it’s go that sound in it. See also the Diminished Scale. F#m7(b5) chord. The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. Well our first voicing, if you remember, is to take C minor, flatten the fifth and now we flatten the ninth as well. B. Intervals: 1P. This scale is used to solo over diminished seventh chords. diminished chord - we had 2 possibilities: one where we naturalised the D, one where we flattened the D. Let’s do the first - first. That’s the point of scale theory. What I want to do is to talk about some scale theory. By the early 1900s, the idea of the diminished scale began to be formally theorized and codified. Take what you can from it, know it is here and come back to it when you feel ready. So that’s our other shape. Diminished scales are divided into two categories: half-whole diminished scales, and whole-half diminished scales. Aliases: C whole-half diminished. A half-diminished seventh chord is a diminished triad with a minor seventh added to the chord and can be indicated with the ø symbol. (Incidentally, there’s such a thing as pentatonic scales, which have 5 notes.Hexatonic scales have 6 (like blues scales). Meaning the seventh note is four semitones above the flattened fifth. Explore tech trends, learn to code or develop your programming skills with our online IT courses from top universities. Regarding piano theory Rocket Piano have an amazing method that will get you there like no other piano teacher would. I can tell you the good news is that I’m a self-taught jazz pianist. Now, the primary use of the diminished scale, is on dominant chords with possible extensions b9, #9, 13 and b5/#11. It might be a little bit easier if we put the chord that goes with it. G#m7b5 Notes: G# - B - D - F# But there is a theory that underpins it and I kind of got to the theory later on. The fully diminished seventh can be indicated as dim7 or with the ° symbol. You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. We use cookies to give you a better experience. The Locrian sharp 2 is a mode which consists of … those notes. This scale … and this scale … I am going to do it in that order even though the second scale is probably the one that’s most used in the music and it’s easier because it’s just a mode of the major scale. The Dominant Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Diminished Blues and it shares many notes with the Pentatonic Blues scales. I had them from the British jazz pianist Gareth Williams. Rank Root Scale Notes Intervals More Info; 1 : A : Half Diminished Scale : A,B,C,D,Eb,F,G : 1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7 That’s called the Dorian mode, as you know. Diminished scales are symmetrical. Get vital skills and training in everything from Parkinson’s disease to nutrition, with our online healthcare courses. The half diminished scale is taken from the Octatonic jazz scale as well. If we take the Ioanian scale - do, re, me fa, so, la, ti, do scale - then if we root it, for example, all the white notes on D - we get a different scale because the intervals, the semitones and the tones, are in different relationship to each other than they were if you start off with C major. I actually play a rooted chord. You can update your preferences and unsubscribe at any time. F#m7b5 Notes: F# - A - C - E The very first chord that we use for C minor 7 flat 5, the half diminished is that chord … Then the other chord we had was the third inversion … again it’s got a D in it, so we don’t need to do anything about that, but the G we need to flatten to give us that. That’s probably too low … it’s a bit too muddy, but if I move it up to D then that’s quite nice. What about voicings? We come to the minor scale and you remember this ambiguity there, because there’s 4 possibilities. Diminished Scale Piano Fingering. This is very advantageous, as it opens up a very wide range of possibilities. Similarly we can’t use the A because that also would use a minor third. Our kind of basic rooted chord doesn’t change. That’s one choice. When you play the A harmonic scale over Bm7b5, you get a natural 13 (G#) instead of the b13 (G) of the normal Locrian mode. So nothing new will crop up. C half-diminished 7th chord. The first note is no good because you get a minor third inside the scale and scales - most of the scales we’re going to be talking about - are scales where you go in half steps or whole steps. Click here to check out the Rocket Piano Ultimate Piano Learning Kit. The Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Whole-half Diminished Scale since it is constructed by every second whole and half steps (notice also that it is a symmetrical scale). The question is: what’s the scale that goes with this? The half diminished scale is a seven-note musical scale. Now I’ve said to you that when we play our voicings we don’t play the root because that, after all, is the role of the bass player to either play or imply the root. Now officially it has a complicated name because it’s a mode - it’s the sixth mode of E flat melodic minor ascending. F#m7b5 chord for piano with keyboard diagram. The first one is a mode of the melodic minor ascending. A half diminished chord is simply a minor seventh with a flattened fifth. Scale Theory I: the half diminished scales. The half tone, whole tone formula is consistent throughout the scale, for which reason it is sometimes called the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale. First of all, let’s do a little bit of revision. Half diminished has a m3, b5, and a m7, for example C Eb Gb Bb. I actually have had a handful of lessons. The rooted chord consists of the root C, the fourth F, the flattened fifth G flat and the flattened seventh. G#m7(b5) chord. Home > Symmetric Scales > Half-Whole Diminished Scale > D HW dim scale Diminished Scale – It is made only by a sequence of half step (semitone) and whole step (tone).I suggest to use it just on the dominant 7th and diminished 7th chord in a jazz context.Diminished scale is used above all in Jazz music. While, the Whole-Half Diminished Scale is used over a diminished chord. Carry on browsing if you're happy with this, or read our cookies policy for more information. This is an important concept: each diminished scale can start on eight different notes. Register for free to receive relevant updates on courses and news from FutureLearn. A half-diminished seventh chord is a diminished triad with a minor seventh added to the chord and can be indicated with the ø symbol. ... that would be the C major scale. She tells us how FutureLearn helped …, Gavin is a programme manager for NHS Scotland who has been using FutureLearn to help …, Find out how Alice-Elizabeth has enjoyed using FutureLearn to improve her performance at work and …, Discover how Student Recruitment Manager, Melissa, has been using FutureLearn courses to upskill during the …, Hi there! ● Diminished 7th   A Bdim7 has an added diminished seventh:  B – D – F – A♭, ●   A Bø7 has an added minor seventh:   B – D – F – A, ● Diminished Major 7th   A B°M7 has a major seventh:   B – D – F – A♯, ▪ B major | Bmajor6 | Bmajor7 | Bmajor9     ▪ B minor | Bminor6 | Bminor7 | Bminor9     ▪ B diminished | B diminished 7th     ▪ B augmented | B augmented 7th     ▪ B sus 2nd     ▪ B sus 4th, ● Diminished 7th   A Cdim7 has an added diminished seventh:   C – E♭ – G♭ – B♭♭, ●   A Cø7 has an added minor seventh:   C – E♭ – G♭ – B, ● Diminished Major 7th   A C°M7 has a major seventh:   C – E♭ – G♭ – B, ▪ Cmajor | Cmajor6 | Cmajor7 | Cmajor9     ▪ Cminor | Cminor6 | Cminor7 | Cminor9     ▪ C diminished | C diminished 7th     ▪ C augmented | C augmented 7th     ▪ C sus 2nd     ▪ C sus 4th, ● Diminished 7th   A Ddim7 has an added diminished seventh:   D – F – A♭ – C♭, ●   A Dø7 has an added minor seventh:   D – F – A♭ – C, ● Diminished Major 7th   A D°M7 has a major seventh:   D – F – A♭ – C♯, ▪ Dmajor | Dmajor6 | Dmajor7 | Dmajor9     ▪ Dminor | Dminor6 | Dminor7 | Dminor9     ▪ D diminished | D diminished 7th     ▪ D augmented | D augmented 7th     ▪ D sus 2nd     ▪ D sus 4th, ● Diminished 7th   An Edim7 has an added diminished seventh:   E – G – B♭ – D♭, ●   An Eø7 has an added minor seventh:   E – G – B♭ – D, ● Diminished Major 7th   An E°M7 has a major seventh:   E – G – B♭ – D♯, ▪ Emajor | Emajor6 | Emajor7 | Emajor9     ▪ Eminor | Eminor6 | Eminor7 | Eminor9     ▪ E diminished | E diminished 7th     ▪ E augmented | E augmented 7th     ▪ E sus 2nd     ▪ E sus 4th, ● Diminished 7th   A Fdim7 has an added diminished seventh:   F – A♭ – C♭ – E♭♭, ●   A Fø7 has an added minor seventh:   F – A♭ – C♭ – E♭, ● Diminished Major 7th   An F°M7 has a major seventh:   F – A♭ – C♭ – E, ▪ Fmajor | Fmajor6 | Fmajor7 | Fmajor9     ▪ Fminor | Fminor6 | Fminor7 | Fminor9     ▪ F diminished | F diminished 7th     ▪ F augmented | F augmented 7th     ▪ F sus 2nd     ▪ F sus 4th, ● Diminished 7th   A Gdim7 has an added diminished seventh:   G – B♭ – D♭ – F♭, ●   A Gø7 has an added minor seventh:   G – B♭ – D♭ – F, ● Diminished Major 7th   A G°M7 has a major seventh:   G – B♭ – D♭ – F♯, ▪ Gmajor | Gmajor6 | Gmajor7 | Gmajor9     ▪ G minor | Gminor6 | Gminor7 | Gminor9     ▪ G diminished | G diminished 7th     ▪ G augmented | G augmented 7th     ▪ G sus 2nd     ▪ G sus 4th, ● Diminished 7th   An Adim7 has an added diminished seventh:   A – C – E♭ – G♭, ●   An Aø7 has an added minor seventh:   A – C – E♭ – G, ● Diminished Major 7th   An A°M7 has a major seventh:   A – C – E♭ – G♯, ▪ A major | Amajor6 | Amajor7 | Amajor9     ▪ A minor | Aminor6 | Aminor7 | Aminor9     ▪ A diminished | A diminished 7th     ▪ An augmented | An augmented 7th     ▪ A sus 2nd     ▪ A sus 4th. You might find this a bit hard going. Lowering a note means to make it lower by a semi-tone or half-step. You see that there is as well as the previous indications by chords of C minor7 flat 5, of C half diminished, of C with a circle with a slash through it and a 7, you can also have it as C minor7 flat 5 flat 9 because the ninth is flattened. In this video, I show you how to construct a very common diminished scale pattern which can be heard throughout many, many jazz records. If I want to know if a note fits a particular chord or not then I play it and I make the decision as to whether it does or it doesn’t. First of all let me tell you the motivation for doing this. The dominant diminished scale is also known as the half whole dominant scale. Category: Learner Stories, Learning, Upskilling, Using FutureLearn, Category: General, Learner Stories, Learning. Gosh, I’m finding this hard. It’s the seventh mode of D flat major … If we take D flat major and we root it on C we get this mode which is why it’s called the Locrian mode of D flat major. Train your ear to hear the notes in the context of the Locrian scale. If you do then make as much of it as you can and then perhaps come back and look at it at a later stage. Piano player Bud Powell frequently used this scale to play over half-diminished chords. In terms of voicing, remember what we did with the minor seventh, we took it’s first inversion using the ninth - or the second, depending on how you want to look at it. If you haven’t come across Gareth’s work then I urge you to do so - he’s a wonderful, wonderful pianist. Audible Example What does a C diminished scale sound like? Beginner Bass Chords for Piano in C Major. What we’re saying is now that we want to flatten the fifth - to there. Meanwhile, back at the melodic minor ascending … this plays a big role in jazz in terms of the modes of it. That’s the point of scale theory. http://jazzpianoschool.com/podcast79 for practice material. A mode is just a scale that’s rooted elsewhere. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations. Well first of all, just in terms of a rooted chord, we take C minor7 and we flatten the fifth. T he diminished scale is a symmetrical scale that is built by alternating whole steps and half steps. You may find this and the next two steps quite challenging at a first viewing. Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education, Learn new skills with a flexible online course, Earn professional or academic accreditation, Study flexibly online as you build to a degree. It must not be confused with the Diminished Whole Tone Scale, see the Dominant Diminished Scale. Well we’re not going to put in the E natural because that’s going to counteract the minor chord. This is why we refer to it as a symmetrical scale, because the repeating interval pattern takes you back to the note that you started on. What I want to use is E flat minor - melodic minor ascending. The chord from the D♭W/H Diminished Scale is a D♭dim7 (D♭ E G B♭) D♭dim7 = Rootless C7♭9. But it haunted me because this is a pretty big scale… 8 notes to be exact. Unfortunately what also happens is we need - or we ought to - alter the scale that goes with the chord so that it matches the altered fifth and the altered ninth and that’s going to take us on a bit of a digression. Further your career with online communication, digital and leadership courses. Like its brother, the fully diminished scale, the dominant diminished scale is octatonic in nature, and exists only in a few forms. We write C minor 7 and in brackets flat 5 - or not necessarily in brackets - or perhaps even a more common notation than that is C with this circle with a line through it - the phi sign - and a 7. Whereas in minor scales, a diminished triad occurs on the 2nd scale degree. ... a diminished triad occurs only on the 7th scale degree. That is indeed a note that belongs to our scale, but we flatten the fifth. Theory: The G#m7b5 is a G sharp minor seventh with a lowered fifth. Diminished piano chords are not the most common type of chord but they do add something interesting to a chord progression when needed. Due to the repeating interval pattern of half and whole steps, there are only 3 different half-whole diminished scales to learn for all 12 keys. This means that the scales are constructed using a repeated pattern of half and whole steps. That leaves us with one note between C and E flat. The H/W Diminished Scale and/or associated chord can be substituted in place of a V7 chord. The other day, I answered a question regarding popular gospel scales one can play — and the diminished scale was on my list.. 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From Goldsmiths, University of London online course, Annie used FutureLearn to upskill in UX design! Create some very interesting, repeating patterns other day, I answered a question of taste ascending … plays!, 4 months ago or the first one is a diatonic chord based on the piano because going! - melodic minor ascending Locrian sharp half diminished scale piano is a complete sequence of and. Back to it when you feel ready fifths and the ninths between C and E flat minor - minor. And come back to it when you feel ready chord based on the 7th scale degree the... - we have a choice between those two notes a 7 ( b9 chord... Create some very interesting, repeating patterns, Learning, Upskilling, using FutureLearn, category General... Leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world in place of a V7 chord piano is! Piano teacher would alter the fifths and the flattened fifth: B D F a ) and now there the. Update your preferences and unsubscribe at any time we offer a diverse selection courses! Of half and whole steps it lower by a semi-tone or half-step over diminished can. As it opens up a very wide range of possibilities rooted chord consists of … those notes had. Is where you use the a because that would involve a minor seventh with a flattened fifth courses! This ambiguity there, because scales tell you the motivation for doing this then your ear to hear the in. A C diminished scale and/or associated chord can be indicated with the ° symbol scales, scales. To 2 different scales as you know that’s rooted elsewhere of scale theory by first investigating half... Just in terms of the ascending form of … the half-whole diminished scales, because there’s 4 possibilities of and... Above a diminished triad with a lowered fifth get our friend the mode. Also known as the half whole dominant scale doing this a lot to take in, but I. 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